Enhancing Teacher–Student Interactional Quality in Middle School Classrooms

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 5
  • Skill Level: Intermediate
  • Session 1: Promoting Safe and Positive Schools

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. recognize the subtypes of teacher–student interactions (i.e., high, medium, and low quality) in middle school classrooms.
  2. understand the teacher-, classroom-, and school-level factors that influence the quality of teacher–student interactions.
  3. identify practices to enhance the quality of teacher–student interactions in their classrooms and schools.


What factors are most essential for promoting high quality D201 interactions in middle school classrooms? This study of 334 middle school teachers demonstrates how to distinguish between low, medium, and high quality teacher–student classroom interactions and the importance of factors such as school geography and student racial composition, student behavior, and teacher self-efficacy and connection to other teachers. Implications for student and teacher supports will be discussed.



Daniel A. Camacho, University of Virginia Curry School of Education
Stephanie A. Moore, University of California- Riverside


Elise T. Pas, Catherine P. Bradshaw


Letter to Supervisor

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