Best Practices for Preparing for an Armed School Intruder

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 6
  • Skill Level: Advanced

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. describe the hierarchy of education and training activities that should be implemented related to armed intruder drills.
  2. explain how to customize training to address student developmental and mental health considerations to minimize the potentially traumatic effects of drills.
  3. describe unique training strategies for students that are used in schools today.


Being prepared to respond to an active shooter on school property is critical to keeping students safe and ready to learn. Lockdowns can save lives and are an integral component in crisis response. However, when not done appropriately, lockdown drills may cause physical and psychological harm. Learn a hierarchy of developmentally appropriate drill strategies that will increase preparedness while minimizing potential harm to K–12 students and staff members.



Catherine G. Kennedy-Paine, Retired


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