Belonging: Racial Minority Adolescent Insight for Inclusiveness in Rural Schools

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 6,8
  • Skill Level: Intermediate

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. apply session content, using the NASP practice model, for enhancing student school belonging and inclusivity at their institution.
  2. learn how to contribute to making rural public schools more inclusive for racial minority adolescents.
  3. describe the unique life experiences of rural racial minority adolescents, including the factors that influence their belonging at school.


Rural racial minority adolescents encounter circumstances unique from other youth, including limited geographic and socioeconomic resources coupled with enculturation, prejudice, and discrimination. During this paper session we will provide results of a qualitative study exploring strengths, stressors, and context for rural minority adolescents that influence their school belonging as school belonging is positively correlated with academic and psychological outcomes. School psychologists will learn how they can contribute to making rural public schools more inclusive.



Laura M. Gumbiner, Indiana University


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