Understanding School-Based Protective Factors Against Out-of-School Suspensions

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 5,6
  • Skill Level: Introduction
  • Session 1: Promoting Safe and Positive Schools

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. learn about factors contributing to the school-to-prison pipeline.
  2. understand the impact of teacher training in school safety in reducing the number of out-of-school suspensions.
  3. learn about alternative, positive practices for mitigating disruptive behavior in schools.


Research has shown that out-of-school suspensions are ineffective and perpetuate the school-to-prison pipeline (Skiba, Arredondo, & Rausch, 2014). This study will use the School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS, 2017–2018) to examine the effect of teacher training in school safety and the use of mental health services, behavior supports, and restorative justice practices on the rate of out-of-school suspensions. Results aim to promote the use of positive practices for reducing challenging behavior in schools.



Laura A. Alba, University of California, Riverside
Bhawandeep K. Bains, University of California, Riverside
Barbara Katic, University of California, Riverside


Austin H. Johnson


Letter to Supervisor

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