Can Schools Grow Grit: A Longitudinal Investigation of School Experiences

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 5
  • Skill Level: Introduction
  • Session 5: Promoting Academic Success

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. learn how grit develops longitudinally.
  2. learn how students' perceptions of school environment changes over time.
  3. understand how the longitudinal development of grit is related to students' school experiences.


The present research examined longitudinal relationships between grit and a variety of school environment variables to determine how schools influence grit development. The sample included 300 students from fifth to eighth grade. Results showed associations between grit and school investment, study strategies, friendship, and teacher ratings. The present research offers new insight to both researcher and practitioner audiences about school experiences that are associated with greater grit development.



Jenna E. Greenstein, University of California Berkeley


Letter to Supervisor

Looking for a concise way to pitch the convention to your employer? This letter and the corresponding talking points are here to help!