Student- and School-Level Factors Associated With School Suspensions

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 1,5
  • Skill Level: Introduction

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. identify evidence-based recommendations for schools to address disproportionality in suspension and improve student outcomes.
  2. identify student- and school-level risk and protective factors associated with suspension.
  3. gain important insight regarding disproportionality in suspension and associated student outcomes.


Suspension from school is predictive of negative student outcomes, and students of color and students with disabilities experience disproportionately higher rates of suspension. Based on the findings of a research study, this presentation will examine school- and student-level factors associated with the risk of suspension and identify factors that can be targeted to decrease the risk of suspension and improve student outcomes. Attendees will be equipped with targeted recommendations to address disproportionality in suspension.



Katherine N. Lacy, CSULB Research Foundation
Kristi S. Hagans, California State University, Long Beach
Rory M. Papworth, California State University, Long Beach


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