Shall We Begin: Determining Appropriate Baseline for Oral Reading Fluency

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 1,3
  • Skill Level: Intermediate
  • Session 4: Assessment and Intervention in an RTI Framework

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. critically assess baseline measurement.
  2. identify the impacts of baseline practices in reading on initial skill placement.
  3. familiar themselves with baseline measurement for reading intervention.


As screening companies move toward one oral reading fluency (ORF) measurement per benchmark, school psychologists should ask if this is best practice. How much does this affect the reliability of the ORF score? This researchers assessed five baseline measurement practices and compared initial assessment to post assessment at about one week later. Practitioners will take away a better understanding of baseline for ORF and be able to communicate this information to school staff.



Arynne G. Horton, Munroe Meyer Institute
Stephanie Smith Kellen, Oklahoma State University
Christina L. Pynn, Oklahoma State University
Emily Loethen, Oklahoma State University


Gary J. Duhon


Letter to Supervisor

Looking for a concise way to pitch the convention to your employer? This letter and the corresponding talking points are here to help!