Student Goal Attainment in Data-Based Individualization for Early Writing

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 1,3
  • Skill Level: Intermediate
  • Session 4: Assessment and Intervention in an RTI Framework

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. learn about data-based individualization in early writing.
  2. gain an understanding of two tools that can be used to intensify writing instruction, a decision-making rubric and intensification guide.
  3. learn which factors predicted whether students met their initial progress monitoring goal.


Data-based individualization (DBI) is an intensive framework meant for students with the most significant needs. In DBI, teachers assess student baseline performance, set an end of year goal, implement research-based interventions, and use progress monitoring data to determine effectiveness. In the Early Writing Project, special education teachers work with coaches to implement DBI with struggling writers. Not all students respond to intervention as expected; thus, it is important to understand which factors predicted student success.



Elizabeth M. McCollom, University of Missouri
Mallory A. Stevens, University of Missouri
Katya J. Sussman, University of Missouri


Erica Lembke, Kristen L. McMaster


Letter to Supervisor

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