Biculturalism Among Native American and Latinx Students: Mental Health Outcomes

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 8
  • Skill Level: Intermediate
  • Session 3: Promoting Diversity and Multicultural Competence in School Psychology

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. present interventions and practices to strengthen cultural values and bicultural skills for students adapting to multiple environments (e.g., living in the reservation and commuting to school in the city).
  2. understand enculturation and acculturation processes and how these factors impact bicultural youth identity development among Latinx and Native American students.
  3. share future research directions to test acculturation and biculturalism models among Native American and Latinx students.


This session reviews the literature on acculturation, ethnic identity, and dual cultural adaptation among Native American and Latinx students, and these factors' impact on mental health outcomes. Using the LaFromboise, Coleman, and Gerton (1993) model of biculturalism as a framework, environmental factors, identity, and experiences emerge as potential mediators on mental health and academic outcomes. This literature review concludes with practice recommendations for school psychologists and future research directions. Implications for social justice and equity are discussed.



Sheena Greenstone, Northern Arizona University
Carlos O. Calderon, PhD, Northern Arizona University
Vesna Pepic, Northern Arizona University


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