Stress and Externalizing Behaviors: Is Growth Mindset a Moderator

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 4,6
  • Skill Level: Introduction
  • Session 2: Promoting Social and Emotional Development

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. understand research regarding normative stress for adolescents, externalizing behaviors, and growth mindset.
  2. understand if growth mindset buffers the negative effects of normative stress on adolescents’ externalizing behaviors.
  3. understand the implications for the role of school psychologists.


Normative stress, such as academic stress and peer stress, has been found to be associated with externalizing behaviors in adolescents. The current study aims to investigate whether holding a stronger growth mindset moderates the relation between normative stress and externalizing behaviors in a diverse sample of high school students. The hypothesis is growth mindset has the buffering effects to reduce the negative effect of stress. Results and implications will be discussed.



Kelsey Walker, University of Memphis
Xu (Lilya) Jiang, University of Memphis


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