Long-Term Parental Influence on Achievement in a Racially Representative Sample

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 7,8
  • Skill Level: Introduction
  • Session 5: Promoting Academic Success

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. become knowledgeable of the short- and long-term impact on various forms of parental involvement on student academic outcomes.
  2. understand existing research on parental involvement and the way deficit-based frameworks disproportionately problematizes parents within families of color.
  3. understand racial group differences in parental involvement as it relates to student academic outcomes during early education.


Research into parental practices that support student achievement within the home context has always been of interest to school psychologists. Using Garcia Coll and colleagues’ (1996) Integrative Model and a three component conceptualization of parental influence, we test the reciprocal relationships between parental influence and academic achievement in a nationally representative sample of children. Furthermore, racial and gender differences in the relationships between components of parental influence and academic achievement are tested. Implications for parenting support are discussed.



Leann V. Smith, PhD, Texas A&M University
Jackie M. Caemmerer, University of Connecticut


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