Clinical Judgment and Specific Learning Disability Classification Accuracy

This session is from the NASP 2022 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 1,10
  • Skill Level: Intermediate
  • Session 5: Promoting Academic Success

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. describe the impact of cognitive and achievement test scores on SLD identification.
  2. describe the impact of other assessment data on SLD identification.
  3. analyze the utility of clinical judgment in SLD identification.


One of the most prevalent methods of specific learning disability (SLD) identification is the dual discrepancy/consistency (DD/C) patterns of strengths and weaknesses (PSW) approach. Its proponents contend that it is highly effective in practice when combined with comprehensive assessment data using clinical judgment. This study is the first to examine whether the interpretation of other assessment data in conjunction with DD/C PSW analyses of cognitive and achievement test scores improves SLD identification accuracy.



Kathrin E. Maki, University of Florida
John Kranzler, PhD, University of Florida
Mary Elizabeth Moody, University of Florida


Letter to Supervisor

Looking for a concise way to pitch the convention to your employer? This letter and the corresponding talking points are here to help!