In Pursuit of Equity: Discipline Disproportionality and SWPBIS Implementation

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 5,9
  • Skill Level: Intermediate

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. describe the prevalence of various demographic groups' overrepresentation in discipline practices in schools across the United States.
  2. identify and use metrics for calculating disproportionality rates.
  3. explain the ways in which school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS) may reduce discipline disproportionality.
  4. summarize the current evidence base regarding the effects of SWPBIS and discipline outcomes.
  5. identify specific practices, systems, and elements of implementation that may be necessary to achieving school discipline equity.


Students from particular racial, gender, and age groups are consistently overrepresented in exclusionary school discipline practices in schools throughout the United States. School-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS) has been suggested as a framework for reducing exclusionary discipline and discipline disproportionality. This session will review the evidence for SWPBIS in addressing discipline disparities and identify important implementation elements that promote equity in educational outcomes.



Brittany Zakszeski, Devereux Center for Effective Schools
Kamontá J. Heidelburg, University at Buffalo
Laura E. Rutherford, Devereux Center for Effective Schools


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