Achievement, Grit, and Mindset Across Adolescent Mental Health Profiles

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 1,6
  • Skill Level: Intermediate
  • Session 4: Assessment and Intervention in an RTI Framework

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. acquire a nuanced understanding of associations among grit, mindset, achievement, and mental health, as well as group-level differences in these outcomes among mental health profiles.
  2. understand implications of research on noncognitive variables and dual-factor mental health for promoting adolescents’ mental health and academic outcomes.
  3. improve understanding of mental health experiences during adolescence and the role of school psychologists in assessing and addressing mental health difficulties through multitiered systems of support.


The dual-factor mental health model proposes the integration of subjective well-being and psychopathology when conceptualizing mental health. In addition to investigating associations between noncognitive factors, academic achievement, and mental health, the current study also empirically identified mental health groups through latent profile analysis among adolescents (N = 429). Gender and socioeconomic disproportionalities were observed across mental health groups. Adolescents with complete mental health had higher achievement, grit, academic grit, and growth-oriented mindsets than other adolescents.



Kelly N. Clark, Louisiana State University
Christine K. Malecki, Northern Illinois University


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