A Systematic Review of Treatment Fidelity in School-Based Behavioral Health

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 4
  • Skill Level: Intermediate
  • Session 7: Psychological Services for Specific Groups of Students

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. identify the importance of measuring and promoting treatment fidelity in school-based behavior interventions.
  2. explain common methods for measuring and assessing treatment fidelity based on the current state of the literature.
  3. describe implications for the future practice of school psychology and research in this area.


Treatment fidelity is a critical methodological concern in research and practice because it is essential to making valid conclusions regarding intervention outcomes. Despite its importance, treatment fidelity has been largely overlooked in the school psychology. Although interest in implementation science has grown, very few studies address treatment fidelity in schools. Findings from a systematic literature review that examined treatment fidelity for school-based behavior interventions will be presented to inform future research and practice in schools.



Shannon Holmes, University of Missouri-Columbia
Jennifer M. Cooper, UMass Amherst


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