The Relationship Between Student Off-Task Behavior and Writing Performance

This session is from the NASP 2021 Annual Convention

  • PMD: 1,3
  • Skill Level: Introduction
  • Session 5: Promoting Academic Success

Learner Objectives

This session will help participants…

  1. apply off-task behavioral data to intervention-planning for writing performance deficits.
  2. describe the influence of off-task behavior on writing performance.
  3. assess off-task behavior in the classroom.


Nationally, approximately 72% of fourth-grade students fail to write proficiently (U.S. Department of Education, 2003), but the specific factors that contribute to this underperformance warrant further exploration. This study examined the relationship between second graders’ off task behaviors and their text generation using teacher-reported off-task behavior ratings and a series of CBM-WE probes. Participants will learn about methods for assessing off-task behavior and the impact of off-task behavior on writing performance.



Taylor Hitchings, Syracuse University
Bridget O. Hier, Syracuse University
Emily A. Watts, Syracuse University
Carly C. Finelli, Syracuse University

Letter to Supervisor

Looking for a concise way to pitch the convention to your employer? This letter and the corresponding talking points are here to help!

Preliminary Brochure

Share our NASP 2022 preliminary brochure with your supervisor along with the above letter.